What are Rare Sats? Bitcoin’s Satoshis from Uncommon to Mythic

Understanding Satoshis: What Sats are in the Bitcoin Ecosystem

To comprehend the significance of satoshi rarity, it is essential first to explore the definition of a satoshi. A satoshi represents the smallest unit of Bitcoin, akin to how a cent is the smallest unit of a dollar. A satoshi equals one hundred millionth of a Bitcoin (1 Sat = 0.00000001 BTC).

Theoretically, one Sat is worth just a fraction of a dollar cent. Nevertheless, some Sats have more inherent value than others. Let's delve into the reasons behind this.

What are Rare Sats? 

Rare satoshis, or sats, are individual units of Bitcoin with distinctive qualities or historical significance that set them apart. Each satoshi is assigned a unique identification number based on its creation order, establishing an inherent rarity system. This means that Sats involved in significant network events can be traced and distinguished.


The first satoshi of each mined block is regarded as rare. Additionally, satoshis mined during network events like the bitcoin halving are also considered rare. Rare satoshis are generated when the Bitcoin network experiences significant changes. However, rarity isn't solely linked to network-wide events. Some satoshis are rare due to their involvement in substantial transactions or interactions with notable figures in the space. 

Satoshi Rarity: how rare are your Sats?

  • Rodarmor Rarity Index Sats
    The Rodarmor Rarity Index, developed by Casey Rodarmor, is the primary method for identifying rare satoshis. It forms the foundation of the ordinals protocol, allowing for the creation of non-fungible tokens on the Bitcoin network. Let's examine the specific events Rodarmor deems significant in identifying rare satoshis.

  • Common Sats
    The most common satoshis encountered are common satoshis. They were not the first to be created in their respective blocks and were not part of any significant network event. Since they are the most common type, there can be up to 21 trillion common satoshis.

  • Uncommon Sats
    The uncommon Sats represent the lowest level of rarity among sats. Each block's initial Sat is designated as "uncommon." In total, there can only be 6,929,999 uncommon sats.

  • Rare Sats

    After a difficult adjustment period, the initial satoshis generated in a new block are termed "rare" sats. There can be a maximum of 3,437.


  • Epic Sats
    The first satoshis created after a Bitcoin halving event are named epic sats. Bitcoin halvings only happen every four years, making epic Sats much more scarce than the previous rarities.
  • Legendary Sats
    Legendary sats, the first satoshis mined after every six halving events, are exceptionally rare, occurring only once every 24 years. With the launch of the Bitcoin network in 2009, the creation of the first Legendary Sats is anticipated in 2033.

  • Mythic Sats
    The mythic Satoshi is the first Satoshi created in Bitcoin's genesis block. Acquiring this rare Satoshi is highly improbable, but it exists somewhere.

  • Exotic Sats
    The Rodarmor Rarity Index is commonly used to evaluate Sats but does not encompass certain network events. Additionally, the community has shown interest in other types of sats, often called exotic Sats.

  • Black Sats
    While most rare satoshis are associated with the start of significant periods, black satoshis mark the end of these events. Often, the conclusion of an event holds greater cultural significance than the beginning, resulting in a unique rarity for the final Satoshi in that block, known as black satoshis. 

    These black satoshis follow the same rarity variants as Rodarmor’s rare satoshis, such as uncommon, rare, and epic. The critical distinction is that black satoshis represent those involved in concluding their respective network events rather than commencing them. For instance, an Epic satoshi is the first Satoshi created after a Bitcoin halving, whereas a Black Epic satoshi is the final Satoshi created before the halving.

  • Pizza Sats

    On May 22, 2010, developer Laszlo Hanyecz made a significant purchase by buying two pizzas for 10,000 Bitcoin. Despite the seemingly low value at the time, this event symbolizes Bitcoin's remarkable journey as a digital currency. Consequently, the satoshis from this historic transaction are now highly coveted by collectors of rare satoshis.


  • Nakamoto Sats
    If you know anything about Bitcoin's history, you've likely encountered the name Satoshi Nakamoto. Following the disappearance of Bitcoin's founder, the Satoshis he handled have become rare. Consequently, Satoshis mined by Nakamoto belong to a distinct category of exotic satoshis.

  • Hitman

    The satoshis involved in that alarming transaction are now the focus of collectors. However, the founder of the Silk Road, pseudonymously known as "Dread Pirate Roberts" and later revealed to be Ross Ulbricht, allegedly paid $500k worth of BTC to hire a hitman. Ross Ulbricht has not been charged with murder-for-hire but is incarcerated for running the dark web marketplace.

  • Vintage Sats
    The Sats from the first 1000 blocks mined on the Bitcoin blockchain are considered vintage sats. These are the vintage Sats to be familiar with.


  • Block 9
    Satoshi Nakamoto mined block 9, which contains some of the oldest satoshis. This block also marks the transfer of 10 BTC to Hal Finney by Satoshi Nakamoto and other significant transactions. 
    The satoshis from this block hold great value, as demonstrated by digital artist Nullish, who inscribed nine satoshis and auctioned them through Sotheby’s in January 2024.

  • Block 9 450 x

    Block 9 450 x Sats originated from the first Bitcoin created in block 9. This Sats collection's uniqueness adds to its scarcity compared to the other block 9 Sats.


  • First Tx
    In January 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto initiated the first Bitcoin transaction by sending 10 BTC to Hal Finney. This transaction marks one of the most significant events in the network's history.

  • Block 78

    Developer Hal Finney, another notable figure in the Bitcoin ecosystem, is also considered a Bitcoin pioneer. Consequently, the satoshis from the initial block he mined are deemed collectible, representing the first block mined by an individual other than Nakamoto.


  • Block 286

    Block 286 marked the second-ever Bitcoin transaction performed by Nakamoto, making these Sats highly sought-after.


  • Block 666

    Block 666 categorizes these Sats as vintage. The symbolic significance of the number 666 adds a more devilish aspect to their collectibility.

Other Interesting Exotic Sats

Unique Sats have specific ID numbers, and others gain rarity from significant occurrences. Let's explore other sought-after Sats.


  • Palindrome

    Palindromes exhibit the same characters when read backward and forward, providing rarity to various entities, including satoshis. While simple palindromes are prevalent, there are also more intricate versions.


  • Palinception

    Palinception Sats have ID numbers that are palindromes of palindromes. These Sats offer mathematical perfection if that aligns with your interests.


  • Paliblock Palindrome

    The highest level of palindrome Sats is the Paliblock Palindrome. This type of Sat is the most symmetrical, featuring a repeating palindrome that forms an even larger palindrome.

  • Jpeg
    In early 2010, a Bitcoin user named Sabunir entered a Bitcoin forum and offered to sell his desktop wallpaper for $1, worth 500 BTC. A month later, someone purchased the JPEG for the asking price, marking the first-ever sale of a JPEG via Bitcoin. Consequently, the Sats involved in this transaction are now called JPEG sats.

  • Alpha
    Alpha Sats represent the initial Sats of each Bitcoin block. Additionally, they consistently conclude with 8 zeros, appealing to Sat hunters searching for visually pleasing ID numbers.

  • Omega
    Omega Sats represent the final Sat of each Bitcoin block, in contrast to alpha sats, which are the initial sat. Their ID numbers consistently conclude with 8 nines; the succeeding Sat is always an alpha sat.

  • Legacy
    In June 2022, Casey Rodarmor, the creator of Bitcoin Ordinals and Runes protocols, conducted a Bitcoin workshop half a year before the launch of the ordinals. As a reward, Rodarmor provided paper wallets to the attendees, which contained the Sats now recognized as Legacy sats.

How to trade rare Sats

Magic Eden has been at the forefront of establishing infrastructure for trading rare satoshis, leveraging its position as a leading NFT marketplace. This pioneering effort has contributed to developing the rare Sat trading market.


Rare satoshis are an emerging asset class whose ecosystem is still evolving. The rare and exotic satoshis listed in this article are not the only examples. Every day, rare satoshi hunters discover new and inspired reasons for specific satoshis being considered unique. Moreover, as the Bitcoin network continues to gain traction, it's uncertain what notable network events may shape the market's future. 

With the rise of alternative Bitcoin assets, such as Bitcoin ordinals and runes, it's evident that rare satoshis will become an important asset class. After all, who wouldn't want to collect a piece of Bitcoin history?

As the space continues to develop, it is crucial to prioritize security. Mistakes can quickly occur when dealing with a new asset and unfamiliar platforms. Therefore, before delving into the rare satellite world, ensure you have the tools to safeguard your collectibles.